At the first summit, a consensus was reached regarding the definition and goal of the unified psychotherapy movement UPM. During the second Cape Cod summit in , attention was paid to identifying the key areas of focus that constitute the core of the movement. From the vantage point of the UP leadership , UP represents the next stage in the natural evolution of the field. Through the s psychotherapy was dominated by single schools e. Then a different attitude began to become prevalent among a significant proportion of scholars and practitioners, namely that of eclecticism and the possibility of a more cooperative stance between the schools.
By the end of the s, the formal movement systematically exploring psychotherapy integration had emerged, and four pathways to integration had been articulated i. Recently, unification was recognized by the Journal of Psychotherapy Integration as representing the fifth approach. Unified approaches seek metatheoretical perspectives that afford scholars and practitioners holistic frameworks that allow for greater unification of the various orientations and approaches.
What is the relationship between Unified Psychotherapy and the science of psychology? Scholars in the UP movement attempt to ground psychotherapy in the science of human psychology. Topic areas of interest include:. A Unified Psychotherapist uses their knowledge in the context of therapy to foster psychological adjustment and more optimal psychological functioning for individuals in need of psychological care. To do this, a UP engages in a comprehensive assessment that examines key domains of psychological adaptation e.
Through a process of awareness, acceptance, and active change efforts, a unified psychotherapist works with the client to meet appropriate goals , which are set relative to prognosis based on the conceptualization. Progress toward those goals and the quality of the relationship is monitored. If successful, the focus turns to maintenance and ultimately, when appropriate, termination.
Jack Anchin and Jeffrey Magnavita are pioneers in the field. They have authored many articles on unified psychotherapy and recently the book Unifying Psychotherapy: Principles, Methods, and Evidence from Clinical Science. Jeffrey Magnavita is the leading figure in the Unified Psychotherapy Project and Psychotherapedia launched with the help of Steve Sobleman. Kenneth Critchfield specializes in Interpersonal Reconstructive Therapy, a method of unified psychotherapy that places special emphasis on relational patterns, developmental history, and attachment.
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He is Director of the Combined-Integrated Doctoral Program in Clinical and School Psychology at James Madison University, a program devoted to training individuals to be unified health service psychologists. He has developed a novel approach to unifying the science of psychology, which he argues can be used to provide the framework for the assimilation and integration of the major paradigms in psychotherapy.
She is author of Clinical case formulations: Matching the integrative treatment plan to the client. Marquis is an associate professor at the University of Rochester where he is using, teaching and researching an integral approach to psychotherapy. Kristin A.
We are envisioning a shift in how the field of psychotherapy is conceptualized. Currently, many students are taught about the various schools of thought separately and then given the option to practice from one or another or are left up to their own devices to generate an eclectic blend.
We foresee a time when individuals are provided a meta-theoretical overview that allows practitioners a way to understand where the various paradigms are in relation to one another and how they might be interwoven to inform practitioners in a more coherent way. This has enormous implications for training, research and practice, and this blog will be devoted to exploring many of these issues.
Visit t he Unified Psychotherapy Project Homepage. This all looks like a great start. The list serv is basically an email list, your blog is over here on psychology today, but your main website is the UPP homepage. I wonder if you have looked into transferring everything including the UPP page, which has an old look to one site.
For example, a WordPress site can integrate a forum instead of the listserv and a blog so you don't have to go to Psych today to read blog posts.
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The Asgaros forum, I believe, is free, and integrates well with WordPress. You can have multiple forums with disparate topics, making it easy for many people to participate with many different threads, and avoids overwhelming participants with email notifications. There are many other reasons for creating an integrative web presence, and i think it will help you achieve a lot of your goals. As a mainly retired psychologist and psychotherapist, I maintain my interest in the field and have the time to surf the net and occasionally post comments. Just as younger people like to believe that they have found "answers" that avoid having to go through the grind of experience and work of their older peers; older people a category with whom I identify hope that all there accumulated knowledge is not redundant.
Unified Psychotherapy points to two facets of the psychotherapy enterprise that are important but not always grasped by all consumers and practitioners - i. Digressing slightly I met someone the other day who on pressing me for my former occupation remarked "there are so many" psychotherapies. Searching for a metaphor I said if you want to be driven across difficult terrain you will seek a competent driver - and one you can trust to keep you safe. The brand of the car is very much secondary. To extend the comparison as a driver or owner you may be very interested in the brand or model of the car.
As therapists and sometimes car owners we invest a lot in a particular brand the brand allegiance becomes mixed up with our views of self, we may even denigrate other brands for no very good reason or feel anxious that we made the wrong choice.
Jack Anchin, Ph.D.
As consumers we just want to feel better and brand talk is just confusing. Part of the project I fell must be understanding the forces including those coming from vested interests that act on individuals to take on brand allegiance. I am not dismissive of particular techniques that also happen to provide kudos and cash for their originators but I am a little wary. Branding and packaging may improve the product. On the otehr hand what are we to make of a practitioner whose selling point is a training course in BLAH therapy.
Would we employ a plumber simply because she had a certificate in plastic pipe fitting.
Jack Anchin - Department of Psychology - University at Buffalo
As I have moved on, I am convinced that the setting including commercial in which therapists and counsellors operate will be vital to the question as to whether they become broadly educated broadly knowledgable creative practitioners with science based critical thinking. OR franchisees promulgating a particular brand with zeal because it is the only thing they know, they have invested a lot in it, and it brings home the bacon other nutritional metaphors are available. The central contribution is that they are telling us how to organize and manage all the information available, and they are trying to construct systematic conceptual tools to guide us Thoughtful clinicians at any stage of their careers will find that reading this book results in rethinking their clinical work with deeper engagement and surprising new insights.
It is highly recommended. In this goal, Unifying Psychotherapy does succeed. The cocktail party does bring together a broad range of differing perspectives.
What does bringing these perspectives together accomplish? In resolution of conflicts, a summary of the concerns of all of the involved parties can serve as a springboard to propel a launch forward into new solutions and new ideas for how to proceed. Magnavita and Anchin's compendium will hopefully propel the field of psychotherapy forward, embracing a new degree of inclusion of couple and family treatment into psychotherapy research, engendering new understandings of what makes therapy effective, and encouraging new intervention ideas for accomplishing that goal.
With over 1, approaches to psychotherapy, many of which have few substantive differences, how can a therapist know which one will provide the most effective treatment? Unified psychotherapy, a significant new paradigm in the evolution of psychotherapy, is a multicomponent, biopsychosocial systems model that draws from all of the major psychotherapeutic models and is grounded in the belief that a combination of theory and practice, supported by evidence-based research, is the key to effective psychotherapy.
This book provides a practice-friendly presentation of the theoretical and evidence-based foundations, principles, and methods of unified therapy. The book offers clinicians and students a framework they can use to select from a variety of technical interventions based on an understanding of relational principles.
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It includes specific intervention strategies that can be used with the full spectrum of individuals suffering from psychological disorders and relational disturbances. Unifying Psychotherapy describes a paradigm that is anchored in a holistic biopsychosocial systems model of personality and psychopathology and encompasses four domain levels ranging from microscopic to macroscopic.
Detailed assessment and treatment principles consider the interplay between the components of all four levels of the biopsychosocial systems model. Evidence-based interventions that are clearly described along with case illustrations underscore the importance of flexibility as an essential component in using unified psychotherapy.
The book also discusses current developments in psychotherapy, clinical science, and the discipline of psychology itself as they pertain to the use of unified therapy. The following ISBNs are associated with this title:.
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